Animal's World

D. I. Lakmini, BA

PUBLISHED ON June 14, 2021

The Cat

The cat can be identified as an animal that has lived very close to humans since ancient times.

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Fig. 1 The cat can be identified as an animal that has lived very close to humans


The cat is a mammal. About 70 species of cats have been identified. Some cat species live in the wild and some species live in the wild. From time immemorial, domestic cats have been a very useful animal to humans, destroying animals that come to destroy their food. It can also be seen as a pet in many homes.

As tigers and lions belong to the same family of animals, they have sharp hidden claws, sharp clawed teeth, and soft soles that enhance their sense of smell. They have color blindness with very sharp vision. They hear sounds with frequencies inaudible to humans. Cats' body language is unique in that it uses body language, sound, and chemical compounds. Males mark their kingdom by urinating on cats. Furthermore, these animals communicate information such as gender, age, etc. through the chemicals they excrete in their urine and feces.

The cat maintains its body balance with its tail. At night, their vision is more active. During the day, they are somewhat lethargic and prefer to sleep longer.


The Tiger

The leopard can be identified as a carnivorous mammal belonging to the genus Cat.

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Fig. 2 The leopard can be identified as a carnivorous mammal belonging to the genus Cat.


The leopard can be identified as a carnivorous mammal belonging to the genus Cat. The tiger is the largest cat species in Sri Lanka. The World Conservation Union (IUCN) has identified nine subspecies of tigers: the African tiger, the Indian tiger, the Javan tiger, the Arabian tiger, the Amur tiger, the North Chinese tiger, the Persian tiger, the Indo - Chinese tiger, and the Sri Lankan tiger.

They have long tentacles, can easily tear a prey, and are able to walk quietly due to their sharp claws and pillows. They are very good at finding prey. As the tiger is a predator, it can also be identified as an endemic species. The tiger controls the herbivores in the environment. This balances the predators and protects the environment.

Females give birth about two years after birth and give birth every two years. Some influence on the lifestyle of these tigers is currently being exerted by humans. They are threatened by poaching and traps set by other animals.

The Elephant

The elephant can be identified as the largest land mammal.

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Fig. 3 The elephant can be identified as the largest land mammal.


The elephant differs from other animals by its trunk and large tusks. The trunk is used as a powerful weapon and their ears are designed to maximize the noise of the surroundings. Body temperature becomes somewhat balanced during ear movements.

The elephant is a herbivore. Elephants can be identified as an endangered species for a variety of reasons. At present there are only two species of elephants left in the world. That is, the African and Asian elephant. Currently, two subspecies of African elephants and three subspecies of Asian elephants can be identified. This is a subspecies of the Asian elephant found in Sri Lanka.

Ecologically, the elephant can be identified as a cornerstone species. An endangered species is an animal that plays an important role in the survival of an ecosystem. Accordingly, a number of other organisms depend on that organism for survival. That is to say, such cornerstone species are very important to maintain in a certain environment. Elephants have a number of direct and indirect ecological values on the maintenance of a plant population, on the diet of other herbivores and on the migration of various animals, on the discovery of water sources, on the existence of insects and microorganisms, on the propagation of certain plants as well as on germination.

The Elk

Elk is the largest member of the Cervidae family of deer in Sri Lanka.

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Fig. 4 The Elk is the largest member of the Cervidae family of deer in Sri Lanka.


This herbivorous, mammalian Elk is about 40-60 inches high. The name of a fully grown male bull is 110cm with a large pair of horns that grow back year after year. They are nocturnal males, living alone for most of the year, and females mostly in herds. They give birth to about one baby at a time.

An animal sanctuary that has been severely endangered due to poaching and predation. Most of Sri Lanka is found in protected parks and herds of Elk are found only in Mahaeliya and Horton Plains National Parks. Elks are found in the Indian subcontinent as well as in Southeast Asia.

An animal sanctuary that has been severely endangered due to poaching and predation. Most of Sri Lanka is found in protected parks and herds of Elk are found only in Mahaeliya and Horton Plains National Parks. Elks are found in the Indian subcontinent as well as in Southeast Asia.

The Deer

The herbivorous deer is a mammalian animal belonging to the Cervidae family.

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Fig. 5 The herbivorous deer is a mammalian animal belonging to the Cervidae family.


They are found all over the world and are home to a wide variety of species, including dotted Deer(Thith Muwa), Dew Deer (Pini Muwa), Lake Deer(Wil Muwa), and Head Deer (Olu Muwa). Lake Deer are listed as endangered by the 2007 IUCN Red Data List. Lake Deer are about 60-65 cm in height and have a uniform light brown body color. The body size is smaller than that of the spotted Deer and slightly larger than that of the head deer.

It is brown in color and can be distinguished from deer. Males have a pair of horns divided into three parts. Deer live in herds.

Deer are found in populations all over the world except Antarctica and Africa. White-tailed deer, donkey deer, black-tailed deer, skull deer, and musk deer are found in the forests of South America. Dotted and Sika deer live in the forests of Asia and the Far East. Deer live in the Arctic winter zone. The male deer has a horned horn, and both males and females in North America and elsewhere have horns. Due to this horn deck, deer have a biological complexion and beauty. An endangered species due to predation and human poaching.

The Cow

The cow is a mammal. In many lands people consider these animals to be gods.

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Fig. 6 The cow is a mammal


Symbolizing the fertility, abundance and fertility of India, the cow can indeed be identified as an essential animal for agriculture. Today meat, milk and meat and dairy cattle are used in agriculture. Cows live for about 30 years, and in 2-3 years, they are fully capable of reproductive function. Cattle have been used in agriculture in Sri Lanka since ancient times. Today, dairy products are a staple food all over the world. This cow's milk is used for many food products and this animal has gained importance.

Eng. Lanka Ramanayaka - CEO
Design Knigdom Lk
BSc(Eng), PG Dip.(BSE), CEng., MIE(SL), MEC(SL)
Chartered Engineer

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