An exploratory focus on how the ancient tank was preserved will lead to an
of how it was preserved and why it is not so now and how such preservation can
today. At that time the tank, the dageba, the village and the temple were our
Even before the dageba, the village, the temple, it was said that the tank. How
was the wewa dageba and temple to our ancestors? It was our own concept. Then
village tank was protected because the tank was attached to us. We bathed in the
we were playing on the boarder of the tank. We made chats sitting on the tank
who could destroy the tank ?
The complexity of the community is evident in the fact that
it is difficult to remain in the reality of being constantly connected to the
tank as in
the past. The things we achieved naturally by the tank in the past, we are achieving
artificially today. But the vast majority of the community loves the tank. So in the break
the restlessness, they prefer to relax in a place near the tank. That is why the
in great demand in the tourism industry.
However, no matter how restless we are, don't we like to come near a tank once a
or at least once in three months or so to get
a break from all restlessness ? That was always the case then. We do not come to
as often today as we did then. We are not able to do that due to our busy
one group returns, another group arrives at the tank. Then the tank will not be
The tank that hears the same voice will then hear different voices. What is
needed is a
manifestation of unprecedented splendor in the tank.
The concept of the tank, the
dageba, the village and the temple of the past brings joy to our minds, but we
left with the space to remain the same in the present and future social
But we who love the tank, we must turn to the concept of taking a break or
closer to the tank. That is why we need to explore a new concept that has been
incorporated into the tank in anticipation of the tourism industry to protect
In that concept, the introduction of criteria for conserving the tank must necessarily exist. We must develop the tourism industry according to carefully selected criteria while reaping the benefits of the natural beauty of our country. Those criteria should include recommendations for approaching the tank.
Although the tank can be approached due to the attraction of the tank in the tourism industry, the activities that are harmful to the tank are also present in the movement, so the criteria we choose should include ways to block such ACTIVITIES.
How do we do that? That is where a new concept for the village tank is being developed. So the new concept we are looking for is “varisevana”.
In search of a way that, how to amolgomate society again towards the village tank, we found that every tank and the surrounding environment of the tank consist with immensely diversed natural aesthetics, ecosystems, functions and ambiences, that would capture the human attention. Because that environment creates a perfect hideaway from their static and busy lifestyles
But, why we are not taking that opportunity ? So, through a proper analysis, we identified that the most lacking part of this matter is, these environments are not properly facilitated for this modern society to experience, while conserving the tank.
So therefore we formed the “warisewana” concept to create a ‘shelter’ around the village tank for the ones who seek these qualities and culture, while guiding the community in a responsible manner. Here our ultimate goal is to conserve the village tank and surrounding, while amalgamating the society again towards the tank. To achieve that we are following a sequential process, which covers all the aspects to avoid the negative impacts on tank, ecosystems, economy and community.
The scope of the project is based on how to achieve the project objectives through the design. Considering the existing condition and intervention of the users after implementing the design, deduces about the providing spaces throughout the design.
Using the existing conditions and values of the tank, to success the objective, “to give an awareness about the sri lankan history of irrigation and traditional methods of agricultural activities” provides by the museum. as an expansion of the learning process, all the conveniences provides through a facilitated training center.
To achieve the objective of “amalgamating society and the village tank”, created the opportunity to feel the environment, facilitating lodges and recreational park. To link these four spaces to adopt the user to the context of the design commences using the outdoor restaurant and through that accrues job opportunities to the existing community. So the scope of the project permeated on these five design spaces.
To conserve the village tank, avoiding it being isolated while improving the responsible interactions between tank, its surrounding and society.
• Amalgamating society and the tank using a new concept
• Creating awareness about sri lankan history of irrigation and traditional methods of agricultural activities
• Conserving ankokkawala tank, catchment and its ecosystem
• Gaining economical benefits through tourism attraction
The observer can feel huge prospect with the panoramic views, and experience the character (ambience) of the place with more open, relaxed and expanded mind. (according to the prospect and refugee theory) In brief ‘prospect-refuge’ theory is founded on the notion that we seek out opportunities to perceive and acquire visual information, to explore environments and find opportunities (prospect) and to seek out shelter, protection, and environments where one can hide away (refuge).
Forest path through the ankokkawala tank basing. The Mistry feeling of the area is guiding the observer into the forest trail. (Information processing theory) The path is covered by vegetation with giving barophilic feelings to the observer. Basophilic hypothesis defining basophilic as “the urge to affiliate with other forms of life” (kellert & wilson)
Ankokkawala tank and its basin are fed by the water stream which coming from the upper catchment area. And the most of the water streams flow continuously throughout the year.
The sluice gate which can operate manually to allow under supply towards the agricultural lands. In the current situation, water spilling can be seen throughout the year including the dry season also. So it means there are some excess water amount all the time. It indicates an opportunity and need to increase the carrying capacity of the ankokkawala tank.
• Calm and contemplative environment
• Most of the waterways which feed the ankokkawala tank active in dry season, so continuous spilling can be seen. Because of that, there is an ability to collect more water than existing with the raising of the tank bund.
• Dumping garbage around the issolated village tank
• Water usage is limited only for the agricultural purposes Agricultural lands are situated far away from the tank, due to that condition, water is getting evaporated and wasted along the way to paddy lands.
• Aquatic weeds are planting by villagers can be seen.
• 2km to away from the galle town, rumassala sanctuary and the jungle beach
• Easy access for southern highway
• Unauthorized encroachments and constructions
• some tombstones situated nearby
There will be a presence of solid waste and wastewater flow. That will be a serious challenge for the project. But we found a way to conquer the issue by converting it to an opportunity. We are planning to recycle the solid waste by collecting waste separately. And also we hope to propose a natural treatment method for wastewater. So that, it can be reused by adding the treated water to the tank. (After treated up to the standard measures)
• Poor infrastructure facilities due to lack of consideration
• Poor conditions in access roads and negligence in landscape management can be seen around the ankokkawala tank.
• Lands are encroached under political benefits
• Economical opportunities will appear around the area after implementation
• Rubber cultivation
• Gap filling of the relationship between villagers and the village tank
• Modern society and youth are mostly detached from the culture that formed within the tank, due to busy lifestyle and the technological development and that caused to less social awareness on the values of the tank and the culture.
• Availability of adequate networking facilities with good signal strength and communication facilities. Environmental
• Aesthetic beauty of the natural environment
• Dumping garbage around the catchment of the tank.
• Rich biodiversity and diverse geomorphological patterns. Legal
• Environmental policies and reservations
• Ownership of the land
• Unauthorized constructions
After implementation of the project, there will be number of opportunities for the secondary users (community of ankokkawala) based on tourism with the presence of the primary users.(local and foreign tourists) and that will also create a platform for these communities to interact with each other.
By attracting the visitor and mixing with the context with sparking biophilic feelings, to give an emotional awareness about the values of the nature and the irrigation technology of ancient Sri Lanka, to convince the necessity of protecting the tank and related cultural environment.
Site designing (zoning) is a very significant phase. As shown in the below image, the main elements has carefully placed on the site while leaving the standard reservations along the edge of the tank.